Schlyter, F., Birgersson, G., Byers, J.A., Löfqvist, J. & Bergström, G. 1987c. Field response of the spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus, to aggregation pheromone candidates. Journal of Chemical Ecology 13:701-716.

Abstract-- Six compounds previously identified from hindguts of unmated male Ips typographus (L.) during host colonization: 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MB), cis-verbenol (cV), trans-verbenol (tV), myrtenol (Mt), trans-myrtanol (tM), and 2-phenylethanol (PE), were tested for their attractivity in the field with a subtractive method. The amounts of MB and cV released from a pipe trap were similar to those given off from the commercial bait Ipslure as well as that from a Norway spruce tree, Picea abies (L.) Karst., under mass attack. The blend of the compounds became nonattractive when either MB or cV was subtracted, while subtraction of any of the other four compounds had no effect. Addition of ipsdienol (Id) to the blend did not significantly increase the attraction. In a second comparative test, the addition of three compounds as a group (tV + Mt + PE) to MB + cV again had no effect on the attraction, but the addition of Id increased the catch somewhat. Addition of host logs to a bait releasing MB + cV at a rate lower than in previous experiments did not influence the attraction to pipe traps. Sticky traps containing natural pheromone sources (50 males in a log), which released 1-5 mg/day of MB as determined by aerations with deuterated MB as internal standard, were less attractive than a synthetic source releasing similar amounts of MB.
Chemical Ecology